Differing Views on Social Issues and assisting poor people
Although the Catholic Church opposes abortion and marriage that is same-sex Catholics in Latin America are less conservative than Protestants on most of these social problems. On average, Catholics are less morally in opposition to abortion, homosexuality, synthetic method of contraceptive, intercourse away from wedding, divorce proceedings and ingesting alcohol than are Protestants.
The distinctions between Catholics and Protestants of many of the dilemmas hold real even though accounting for quantities of spiritual observance. For instance, Protestants whom be involved in religious solutions one or more times an are somewhat more likely to oppose abortion and divorce вЂ“ and considerably more likely to oppose homosexuality, sex outside of marriage and drinking alcohol вЂ“ than are catholics who attend mass at least weekly week. 2 These differing views on social dilemmas can help explain why numerous former Catholics who possess become Protestants state these were interested in a church that вЂњplaces greater importance on residing a life that is moral (a median of 60%).
Both catholics and Protestants generally say it is incumbent on Christians to help the poor in their societies, but they give somewhat different answers on how best to achieve this goal across the region. Whenever asked what’s the many way that is important will help the bad and needy, Protestants tend to be more most likely than Catholics to point toward bringing the indegent to Christ, while Catholics tend to be more likely to state that doing charity benefit poor people is most significant.
Yet throughout the nations surveyed, a quite a bit greater share of Protestants than Catholics state they attend engage in charity work вЂ“ helping people find jobs, providing food and clothing for those in need or organizing other community initiatives to help the poor that they themselves or the church. (To get more details, see Chapter 6.)
They are on the list of key findings of more than 30,000 interviews that are face-to-face across 18 nations and Puerto Rico by the Pew Research Center between October 2013 and February 2014. The study encompasses the majority of Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking nations and regions extending from Mexico through Central America towards the tip that is southern of America. Due to fieldwork constraints and sensitivities associated with polling about faith, Cuba could never be included; it will be the only country that is spanish-speaking Latin America that has been perhaps perhaps maybe not polled.
The study of Latin America is component of a bigger work, the Pew-Templeton worldwide Religious Futures task, which analyzes change that is religious its effect on communities across the world. The international Religious Futures project is funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts plus the John Templeton Foundation.
The rest of the Overview describes the most important findings in more detail and offers context that is additional you start with some comparisons with Hispanics located in america.
Comparisons with U.S. Hispanics
Most of the patterns that are major by this study mirror trends found among U.S. Hispanics, in accordance with a 2013 Pew Research poll. The U.S. population that is hispanicnow more or less 54.1 million individuals) is bigger than the sum total populace in most but two Latin American nations вЂ“ Brazil (195 million) and Mexico (113 million).
Almost 25 % of Hispanic adults in the us were raised Catholic but have actually since kept the faith (24%), while simply 2% of U.S. Hispanics have actually changed into Catholicism after being raised in another tradition that is religious without any affiliation вЂ“ a web drop of 22 portion points. The scale for this exodus is roughly on par with a few Latin US nations which also have seen high decreases within the share of grownups whom identify as Catholic, including Nicaragua (minus 25 portion points), Uruguay (minus 22 points), Brazil (minus 20) and El Salvador (minus 19).
Like their counterparts in Latin America, numerous U.S. Hispanics have gone Catholicism for Protestant churches. Protestants now take into account about one-in-five Hispanics in the us (22%), approximately just like in Latin America (19%). In addition, a substantial amount of hispanics in the usa (18%) describe their faith as atheist, agnostic or nothing in specific. This might be significantly more than double the percentage of Latin US grownups (8%) who’re consistently unaffiliated.
Spiritual Affiliations of Latin People In The Us and U.S. Hispanics
Although CatholicismвЂ™s position that is historically dominant weakened in current decades (see reputation for spiritual Change), it continues to be the bulk religion across a lot of Latin America. Catholics make up a majority that is overwhelming significantly more than two-thirds) of this adult population in nine for the countries surveyed, ranging from 89per cent in Paraguay to 70per cent in Panama. Even yet in these greatly Catholic nations, nevertheless, Protestants now certainly are a significant minority, constituting almost 10% or higher of this population in each nation.
Catholics constitute between one-half and approximately two-thirds regarding the populace in five associated with the accepted places surveyed: Chile, Costa Rica, Brazil, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. Likewise, 55% of U.S. Hispanics are Catholic.
In three main American nations вЂ“ El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua вЂ“ about 50 % associated with populace is Catholic, while roughly four-in-ten grownups describe by themselves as Protestant.
Uruguay could be the country that is only where in actuality the portion of grownups whom say they’ve been consistently unaffiliated (37%) competitors the share who identify as Catholic (42%). In addition, 15% of Uruguayans identify as Protestant. (See Religion in Uruguay.)